A trigger point is a hyperirritable point that can be felt like a “knot” in the skeletal muscles. When pressed on, trigger points can invoke a range of reactions, including a jump response, local tenderness, local twitch or referred pain.
Trigger points can be caused by:
- Stress/ chronic stress
- Lack of exercise
- Poor posture
- Muscle overuse
- Sleep disturbance
- Joint problems and hypermobility
Trigger points can either be active or latent. Active trigger points invoke pain and tenderness when touched. Latent points do not cause discomfort when touched; however, they can increase stiffness in the muscles.
The most common types of trigger points are primary trigger points and secondary/satellite points. Primary trigger points are those which cause significant pain locally when pressure is applied. Secondary/satellite points are those which arise in surrounding muscles when the central trigger is touched. These points tend to disappear once the central point has been treated. Both primary and secondary/satellite points are almost always active.
Trigger points can be treated through hands-on treatment, by further aggravating the point until it releases. The increased blood flow to the area also helps to relieve stiffness and tension in the muscle.
Our experienced physiotherapists and remedial massage therapists are able to help you with the release of any tight and triggering muscles. To book an appointment, call our friendly team on 9578 6588 or click the button below!
Article written by Lauren Marshall – Remedial Massage Therapist